This document refers to VMware hypervisors in private cloud datacenters.
Abiquo can manage VMware hosts at different levels as:
Abiquo can also work with NSX to create network configurations such as:
Abiquo (4.7.x up to 5.2) has been tested with the following latest versions:
|Product||Version||Build number||Notes and Known issues|
|NSX NAT||6.4.6||14819921||13252 - Cannot create a firewall on version prior to Abiquo 5.0|
ESXi 6.x versions prior to 6.7 are supported by Abiquo.
ESXi 5.x versions are NOT supported in Abiquo 5.1.2 and higher versions.
The platform represents the VMware cluster as a physical machine/hypervisor host, and Abiquo does not track the host entities in vCenter. For more details, see Add VMware vCenter clusters as servers
Advantages of vCenter clusters as hosts
These configurations affect ESXi hosts and apply to all modes (ESXi hosts, vCenter hosts, vCenter clusters).
On the ESXi host, the vNICs must be attached to a vSwitch, which may be a DVS. Abiquo will automatically create a port group for the host.
If your host has already been configured with another vSwitch, you may need to delete the port group before adding the host in Abiquo
Abiquo supports the following datastore types: VMFS and NFS.
In Abiquo 5.2+ as part of the infrastructure check, Abiquo will check datastores. It may automatically disable datastores and later re-enable them.
Abiquo may automatically disable datastores:
To create, update, and delete datastores, refresh the datastores on the host. You can only delete a datastore if it is empty and not attached to the host. To refresh datastores in Abiquo, edit the host, go to the Datastores page, and click the round arrow refresh button.
For vCenter clusters, you should use shared datastores. This will ensure VMs can be moved within the cluster where all hosts can access all datastores.
If you need to work with local datastores, to ensure that VMs can always find a valid local datastore, design a tier with the local datastores of only a specific host, in addition to any shared datastores. Note that you should not create a tier containing local datastores from different hosts.
For troubleshooting notes about datastores, see Troubleshoot when you add VMware servers
This section describes how the platform manages VM disks (on datastores) and volumes (on external storage).
If you are using external storage volumes via NFS, set the RDM property. See Abiquo Configuration Properties#esxi
When an administrator creates or edits a VM template disk, they can set the Allocation type for the disk. And a user with the privilege to Manage allocation when attaching a disk can select the Allocation type for disks before they deploy the VM. If no allocation type is selected, the default is thin provisioning. Note that disks of captured VMs may use thick provisioning.
The default controllers for ESXi are:
SCSI drivers for persistent disks (persistent primary disks and data volumes) for performance reasons.
Abiquo also supports SATA controllers.
Abiquo requires iSCSI adapters on ESXi. You should check that the appropriate iSCSI adapters were enabled as part of the ESXi installation process. Abiquo recommends that you install the drivers for the appropriate SCSI controllers when preparing VM templates that will be uploaded to the Abiquo platform.
The supported disk controllers are listed in the following table. If there is no menu for controller selection, users can enter the values in the ResourceSubType value column.
|ResourceSubType value||diskController saved in template and created on VMware|
|other (default value)||VirtualLsiLogicController|
The priority for the selection of the controllers is:
The default configuration set by the administrator in the abiquo.properties file
LSI Logic Parallel SCSI controller
If the user does not set the controller before deployment, Abiquo attaches SCSI disks to the default controller
Users can set multiple controllers but only ONE of each type (e.g. you cannot set two LSI Logic controllers)
Users can change the controller type after it is set
The configuration of SATA controllers is described at: Configure SATA for VMware hypervisors
This includes details of:
To make SATA the default controller:
Set the pluginmetadata disk controller properties for VMware
For each hypervisor type to configure, set the property value, replacing hypervisor_type in the property key with one of the following codes:
Restart the Tomcat server
To move a VM from an IDE controller to a SATA controller, you must first power off the VM.
To resize disks of VMs running on ESXi using Abiquo:
Also note that:
The page also describes how to configure Abiquo to:
The platform supports remote access through VNC and WebMKS.
Log in to the Abiquo Remote Services server (or for a Monolithic installation, log in to the Abiquo Server) and set the appropriate properties for your system to appropriate values in the /opt/abiquo/config/abiquo.properties file:
For vCenter hosts, to use NSX when it will connect to vCenter, Abiquo will require valid administration credentials and the port if you are not using the default of TCP 443.
Configure the port in the /opt/abiquo/config/abiquo.properties file on the Remote Services servers:
Configure the firewall to allow access from the Remote Services server to the appropriate port.
Notes: Check VMware password character restrictions
This section applies to versions of VMware before vSphere 7.x, which does not support VNC remote access.
For vCenter hosts and vCenter clusters, see Detect vCenter management IPs.
Define the range of VNC ports for Abiquo, so that it will allocate available ports. Define these ports with Abiquo Configuration Properties#vncport properties.
Log in to the Abiquo Server and add these properties to the abiquo.properties file:
Log in to the Remote Services server and optionally add this property to the abiquo.properties file:
For the VNC connection to VMs through the eye icon (or console icon), add a custom firewall rule to define the ports that will be available to users, which should be the same as the ports configured with vncport properties.
You cannot add a VNC firewall rule through the VMware console. Follow the steps below to add the firewall rule with the CLI (using SSH).
The following example shows how to add a custom firewall rule under ESXi 5 for ports 5900 to 5964.
(Credit vInfrastructure Blog)
1. Log in to the CLI for the ESXi as root user
2. Create the XML file
3. Add these lines (copy/paste) to the VI and save the file.
4. Refresh the rules and check it has been added;
5. Optional step - Add a specific IP address to the rule for added security;
Set the status of the allowedAll flag to false
Add the list of allowed IP addresses
This page describes the VMware ESXi features supported by Abiquo. You can manage VMware technology at the following levels: vCenter, ESXi, vCloud Director.
ESXI feature support
Detect all HostProxySwitch as DVS without requiring a naming convention
Add vCenter as a master hypervisor with the appropriate credentials, and then add individual hypervisors or clusters as hosts
Abiquo will use the vCenter credentials. User must have access to vCenter
Abiquo supports vSphere HA
Abiquo does not support fault tolerance because it requires two VMs with the same name to be present in a cluster at the same time.
|Replication||Abiquo supports replication with Zerto. Replicated VMs must be a in a separate cluster and you must Configure Abiquo to capture VMs with duplicate names|
For vCenter hosts, the platform automatically detects clusters and displays them on the racks with the physical machines. Compute load level rules can also be set at the Cluster level
|VM Live Migration|
For vCenter clusters as hosts, after VM moves, the VM is still effectively on the same host, so Abiquo does not need to control the results of live migrations
|Storage Live Migration|
Abiquo detects storage vMotion on all datastores
VMDK fixed ( default format)
The DVD feature was replaced by the ISO feature but CD-ROM configurations may be supported on imported VMs with IDE and SATA controllers
VNC using Guacamole.
|CPU hot-add |
With supported guest operating system. The user can mark supported templates and perform hot-add
|With supported guest operating system. The user can mark supported templates and perform hot-reconfigure|
|SDN using NSX||Abiquo supports SDN using NSX in gateway, ECMP, and NAT configurations. See Configure the NSX integration|
By default, for VMs deployed on ESX/ESXi hypervisors:
|Persistent Virtual |
By default persistent VM disks are mounted on IDE controllers
System disk resize
Disks must be:
|Storage Live Migration|