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Abiquo 4.7

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Requirements

The following components have requirements that must be fulfilled before you deploy an Abiquo environment:

  • Clock synchronizationPlatform clocks must be synchronized. Abiquo will use NTP to keep platform clocks synchronized. Check your vendor documentation for other components.
  • VM repository folderA unique NFS or CIFS dedicated shared folder must be present in each Abiquo DC before deployment. Check NFS Server Setup for more details.
  • HypervisorsCheck your HVs requirements in the corresponding Cloud Node documentation.
  • Network: A trunk capable network segment with VLAN tagging capabilities is required.

For supported versions additional information, see the Compatibility Tables 

Once your infrastructure fulfill the requirements, you have to chose whether you will deploy a Monolithic Environment or a Distributed Environment.

It is a good idea to document the required information for each component in the corresponding worksheet in the links below. We provide an empty worksheet and an example for you to document all the Abiquo platform relevant configuration details:

  • Monolithic environments install all the Abiquo components inside the same appliance, and they are good for probe of concept and testing purposes
    Monolithic environments only require a monolithic appliance, and optionally, a monitoring appliance.
    Monolithic environment worksheet (See this link for an example)

  • Distributed environments separate Abiquo components depending on they characteristics for improved performance and reliability, and they are good for production environments
    Distributed environments require at least one Server, one Remote Services and one V2V appliance.
    Distributed environment worksheet (See this link for an example)

Network

Every time a VM is deployed, Abiquo creates its NICs and attaches them to the corresponding networks inside the service network.

 Abiquo manages the service network in different ways depending on the underlying network solution:

  • Standard VLAN network management
  • SDN management

Standard VLAN management uses ISC DHCP servers with OMAPI support and DHCP relay servers to manage the IP networks. Check the links below for further details:

For SDN as VMware NSX and OpenStack Neutron, check the configuration requirements in the links below:

Finally, Abiquo can inject network connections into the VMs using cloud-init or hypervisor tools, which requires VM templates that support these methods. Abiquo will use this option if the DHCP server is not found.

VM repository folder

In Abiquo, all private DCs must have their own VM repository folder, which holds the VM templates for all enterprises in each DC.

 The Monolithic, Remote Services and V2V appliances and your HVs must be able to mount and manage this folder remotely depending on the underlying HV technology.

When you configure the platform, enter the location of the VM repository folder, and the platform will automatically configure the appliances to use it as VM repository and mount it automatically on the HVs when needed.

For further details, please check the VM repository documentation at the link below:

Appliances

You will need to install the Abiquo appliances corresponding to the environment, and optionally, the monitoring appliance.

These appliances require some configuration parameters before deployment. Some of them are common, while others are specific to the appliance functions inside the platform.

These are the common requirements for both Abiquo platform appliances. All appliances require these details during the bootstrap process, and you must have them in place before the deployment:

Parameter

Notes

Friendly hostnameThis is the name the appliance will use internally. Abiquo does not use this for anything and it can be freely choosen.

Management IP address

IP of the management NIC

Management IP netmask

Netmask of the management NIC

Default gatewayDefault gateway in the management network
DNS server listIPs of DNS servers separated by a blank space
NTP server listAbiquo appliances use NTP to fulfill the platform clock synchronization requirements

Monolithic deployment

Monolithic environments install all the Abiquo functionality but monitoring in the same appliance, and they are ideal for probe of concept and trial purposes.

To deploy a monolithic environment, get the monolithic appliance OVA and install it on your environment.

Monolithic appliance

Installation requirements

  • 2 CPUs
  • 8 Gb RAM
  • 64 Gb HD

Installation parameters

Parameter

Notes

Server FQDN

This FQDN must be resolvable from customer premises, in order for SSL and the Appliance manager to work as expected. Abiquo will use self-signed certificates for trial environments

Abiquo Datacenter IDInternal ID of the trial DC. It must be unique for each DC, and all remote services and V2V appliances inside the DC must use the same datacenter ID
NFS Template repositoryNFS share for the VM repository of the DC. Each private DC must have a different NFS share

Firewall requirements

From

To

Notes

Anywhere

TCP/80 (HTTP)

It will be redirected to port 443 by default

AnywhereTCP/443 (HTTPS)Proxy port for API/AM/UI services
AnywhereTCP/41337 (HTTPS)Proxy port for VNC services
Monitoring applianceTCP/5672RabbitMQ default port for Abiquo components to exchange messages


Distributed deployment

Distributed environments split the Abiquo platform functionality among different servers to improve reliability and performance. They are ideal for production environments.

To deploy a distributed environment, you will need to deploy at least a server, remote services and v2v appliances.

Server appliance

The server appliance contains the Abiquo UI, API and Events servers, and is 

Installation requirements

  • 2 CPUs
  • 8 Gb RAM
  • 64Gb HD

Installation parameters

Parameter

Notes

Server FQDN

This FQDN must be resolvable from customer premises, in order for SSL and the Appliance manager to work as expected. Abiquo will use self-signed certificates for trial environments

Firewall requirements

From

To

Notes

Anywhere

TCP/80 (HTTP)

It will be redirected to port 443 by default

AnywhereTCP/443 (HTTPS)Proxy port for API/AM/UI services
AnywhereTCP/41337 (HTTPS)Proxy port for VNC services

Remote services appliance

V2V appliance

TCP/8009

TCP/8010

 

Monitoring appliance

Remote services appliance

V2V appliance

TCP/5672RabbitMQ default port for Abiquo components to exchange messages

Remote Services appliance

The Remote Services appliance contains the Abiquo private datacenter and Public Cloud provider management components. A Remote services appliance is require for each private datacenter.

Installation requirements

  • 2 CPUs
  • 8 Gb RAM
  • 64 GB HD

Installation parameters

Parameter

Notes

Server FQDN

This FQDN must be resolvable from customer premises, in order for SSL and the Appliance manager to work as expected. Abiquo will use self-signed certificates for trial environments

Abiquo Datacenter IDInternal ID of the trial DC. It must be unique for each DC, and all remote services and V2V appliances inside the DC must use the same datacenter ID
NFS Template repositoryNFS share for the VM repository of the DC. Each private DC must have a different NFS share
Abiquo RabbitMQ server addressAbiquo server appliance IP and and port.

Firewall requirements

From

To

Notes

Server appliance

TCP/8009

TCP/8010

 
Server applianceTCP/41338 

 

V2V appliance

The server appliance contains the Abiquo virtualization format conversion components, and it is isolated for performance reasons.

As this appliance deals with conversions, fast HD storage is recommended for this appliance.

Installation requirements

  • 2 CPUs
  • 4 Gb RAM
  • 256 GB HD (Depending on template conversion requirements. Get in touch with Abiquo support for further information)

Installation parameters

Parameter

Notes

Server FQDN

This FQDN must be resolvable from customer premises, in order for SSL and the Appliance manager to work as expected. Abiquo will use self-signed certificates for trial environments

Abiquo Datacenter IDInternal ID of the trial DC. It must be unique for each DC, and all remote services and V2V appliances inside the DC must use the same datacenter ID
NFS Template repositoryNFS share for the VM repository of the DC. Each private DC must have a different NFS share
Abiquo RabbitMQ server addressAbiquo server appliance IP and and port.

Firewall requirements

From

To

Notes

Server appliance

TCP/8009

TCP/8010

 

Deploy the appliances

 

If you are not deploying the appliances in a VMWare environment, you will need to convert and deploy the OVAs first, and configure them manually later as described in the link below:

Appliance manual configuration

Download the corresponding Abiquo appliance. During their deployment, you will need the values of each OVA properties as described in the previous sections.

The steps to install the appliances on ESXi are these:

  1. Download the appliance OVA from the corresponding link to your desktop
  2. Open the vCenter vSphere web client
  3. Go to Host and clusters section in the client side panel
  4. Go to Actions and click on Deploy OVF template
  5. Select Local file and choose the OVA you downloaded in step 1. Click Next
  6. The vSphere client will display the OVA details. Click Next
  7. Accept the EULA and click Next
  8. Edit the deployed VM name and choose where you want to deploy it. After this, click Next
  9. Select which cluster or host will be used for deploy and click Next
  10. Choose the datastore for the deployed VM and click Next
  11. Select the network destination for the VM management NIC and click Next
  12. Enter the template details depending on the OVA you are deploying. For more details, see the parameters table above. When configured, click Next

     Click here to expand...

     

  13. Review the deployment configuration details. If they are OK, you can select the "Power on after deployment" checkbox. But if you need to add extra NICs and HDDs to the VM before deployment, do not select it. Click Finish

     Click here to expand...

     

Monitoring installation


This step is completely optional

The Abiquo monitoring appliance is completely optional. To deploy the Monitoring appliance, you need the following requirements:

Parameter

Notes

Server management IP addressAbiquo server IP management address, which will be used to connect to the RabbitMQ services (Port 5672)

 The remote services appliance must be reachable from the monitoring appliance at the ports below:

Source

Destination port

Notes

Monolithic appliance

TCP/36638 (HTTP)

Monitoring services

Follow the steps in Deploy the Abiquo appliances for further details. 

Once installed:

  1. Edit the monitoring appliance properties to set the data retention policy. See the following link for further details: Abiquo monitoring appliance configuration

  2. Edit the monolithic/server/remote services appliance /opt/abiquo/config/abiquo.properties file, add the properties below. Remember to replace the MONITORING_IP by the monitoring appliance management IP: 

    # Enable/disable monitoring and alarms
    abiquo.monitoring.enabled = true
     
    # Address where watchtower is located
    abiquo.watchtower.host=MONITORING_IP
    
    # Port where watchtower is listening
    abiquo.watchtower.port=36638
  3. Restart the abiquo-tomcat service in the Abiquo appliances for the monitoring changes to be applied:

    service abiquo-tomcat restart

Post-install steps

  1. Log into the Abiquo UI in the https://FQDN URL.
  2. Remember to change the Abiquo default passwords as soon as possible (Base OS and UI passwords)
  3. Template operations will require space on the Monolithic appliance before they are moved the VM repository. Extend the appropiate filesystems accordingly if you will be using big templates.
  4. review the monolithic appliance /opt/abiquo/config/abiquo.properties file. You will probably need to configure some of the following properties:

    • For Hyper-V or XenServer hypervisors, you may need to configure the repository location properties which are described as part of the hypervisor configuration

    • To use a monitoring server, enter the monitoring server IP address and port, and enable it

After changing the appliances /opt/abiquo/config/abiquo.properties file, remember to restart the Abiquo Tomcat service always:

service abiquo-tomcat restart

Log In to the Abiquo UI

Now open your web browser and type in the site address for the Abiquo server.

https://FQDN

The default cloud administrator login username and password are "admin" and "xabiquo", respectively. Remember to change your password as soon as you log in for the first time.

Add a License

The link below describes how to get an Abiquo license and add it to the platform:

Configure a platform license

Further steps

For an overview of the Abiquo platform work through the tutorials built in to the product or try the Abiquo Quick Tutorial.

The following components are optional and you do not need them in a trial environment. Check the related links for further details on each component:

ComponentNotes
UI configurationSee Configure Abiquo UI
UI brandingCheck Abiquo Branding Guide
Abiquo platform configurationChange the platform settings accordingly to your needs: Configuring Abiquo
Public Cloud providersConfigure AWS, Azure ARM, or other supported cloud providers: Public cloud provider features
CollectdUse Abiquo collectd plugin integration for customized metrics: Use collectd plugin for custom metrics 
Persistent StorageConfigure NFS storage as vFiler on NetApp or Nexenta: Storage Servers
Jaspersoft ReportsFor Abiquo reports. Check Install Abiquo Reports
Chef Server integrationCheck Abiquo Chef Integration Guide

 


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